I was recently reviewing employment data from Statistics Canada when I got curious about the relationship between full-time jobs and part-time jobs in Alberta.
So I extracted 10 years worth of data for full-time and part-time jobs in the province to compare them.
In December 2022, there were 1,970,600 full-time jobs in Alberta and 438,500 part-time jobs. Full-time jobs made up 81.80% of all jobs and part-time jobs made up 18.20%.
By comparison, in December 2012, those percentages were 84.21% full-time and 15.79% part-time.
Here, take a look at these two charts.
What we clearly see is that over the last decade, full-time workers—as a share of total workers—have decreased, while part-time workers have increased.
Of particular note is the spring of 2020, when we see a spike in full-time workers and corresponding fall in part-time workers, right at the beginning of the COVDI-19 pandemic.
Between February and April 2020, about 130,000 part-time workers lost their jobs, compared to 212,500 full-time workers. And while that may seem like less, when we look at the two numbers as percentages of workers, 30.7% of part-time workers lost their jobs during those 2 months, compared to 11.5% of full-time workers.
Part-time workers bore the brunt of the attack on labour during the beginning months of the pandemic.
Anyhow, back to the past 10 years.
Here are two more charts, this time showing the percentage of full-time and part-time workers but as annual averages.
Once again, we see that over the last 10 years, full-time workers have decreased as a proportion of total workers in the workforce, while part-time workers have increased.
The largest increase in the average share of part-time workers occurred in 2016, while the NDP were in power, when the average jumped 1.64 points, from 17.28% to 18.92%.
The next largest increase was actually just in 2021, when it jumped from 17.97% to 18.76%, an increase of 0.79 points.
Now, let’s compare the December of each year.
Yep. Still showing an increase in the percentage of part-time jobs and a decrease in the percentage of full-time jobs.
One more stat.
Here are the 10 months with the highest percentages of part-time jobs.
What we see is that of these 10 months, half of them have been in the last 10 months, all during the UCP administration. The other half all occurred while the NDP were in power.
And here are the next 10 highest months.
Once again, half under the UCP and half under the NDP.